Background reading materials on PIDs - collated by a student in digital humanities

In May 2019, Tabish Virani, a student at University College London’s MA in Digital Humanities programme, assisted the FREYA team by compiling resources for background reading on PIDs for researchers. He supplied a short descriptor for each resource and categorised them into 3 groups: Introductory/beginner level, Intermediate level and Advanced level.

The list has been edited to indicate the date that each resource was made publicly available (where available), and the expected reading/viewing time for each.

The list (below) can also be downloaded here Persistent Identifiers Resources Report.docx (31.1 KB)


Introductory/Beginner Level:

  1. Persistent identifiers: awareness level (Australian National Data Service): https://www.ands.org.au/guides/persistent-identifiers-awareness
    Note: This source is very basic and uses very simple language and introduces the reader to PIDs with the assumption that they have never heard of persistent identifiers before in any context. Does not discuss particular PIDs.
    3 min read; no date.

  2. A Beginner’s Guide to Persistent Identifiers (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): https://assets.ctfassets.net/uo17ejk9rkwj/8aIUAbLo0oycyMiM2IKUS/363edf7ab4558460cfe1ef140567450f/persistent_identifiers_guide_en_v1.pdf
    Note: A somewhat lengthy PDF but contains quite a bit of introductory knowledge on PIDS and slowly builds upon itself. PIDs mentioned: URI, PURL, DOI, LSID.
    33-page report; 2011

  3. Persistent identifiers (Digital Preservation Coalition): https://www.dpconline.org/handbook/technical-solutions-and-tools/persistent-identifiers
    Note: This link gives short descriptions of a variety of different kinds of PIDs and how someone might choose which type would be appropriate to use depending on the type of data they are trying to attach a PID to. PIDs mentioned: DOI, Handle, ARK, PURL, URN.
    Chapter in online report; 3 min read; 2015

  4. The Critical Role of the DOI (SciELo Blog): https://blog.scielo.org/en/2018/08/02/the-critical-role-of-the-doi/#.XNLPvehKjD6
    Note: This is a very basic blogpost that gives a bare bones definition of what a PID is and talks about what Crossref does in little detail. What stood out to me about this link though was the fact that it shows what a DOI link looks like which is something that wasn’t present in a lot of other places. PIDs mentioned: DOI.
    3 min read; 2018

  5. Importance for Persistent Identifiers in regards to FAIR standards (Go FAIR website): https://www.go-fair.org/fair-principles/f1-meta-data-assigned-globally-unique-persistent-identifiers/
    Note: A simple look at persistent identifiers through the lens of the FAIR principles. Includes a brief description of importance of PIDs while also providing examples of what globally unique persistent identifiers look like and gives a list of services that provide them. PIDs mentioned: ORCID, DOI, ARK, URI, CURIE
    2 min read; no date

  6. What is an ORCID ID and why do I need one? (ANU Library): http://libguides.anu.edu.au/c.php?g=692079&p=5005335
    Note: A brief explanation of what an ORCID ID is and what the benefits of having a personal persistent identifier are. PIDs mentioned: ORCID.
    4 min video; no date

  7. Choosing the most suitable Persistent Identifier: (Digital Heritage Network) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rvJVvazpTuQ
    Note: A short video that highlights the very basic things to think about when identifying the appropriate persistent identifier to use in different situations. PIDs mentioned: DOI, URN, Handle.
    2 min video; 2016

  8. Implementing Persistent Identifiers (Digital Heritage Network): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1M2Eut-Obcg
    Note: This video builds upon the information from the link right above this one and takes it to the next step by talking about deciding how and when the use a PID. PIDs mentioned: DOI, URN, Handle.
    2.5 min video; 2016


Intermediate Level:

  1. How persistent identifiers can save scientists time (FEMS Microbiology Letters journal): https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6047423/
    Note: A fairly short article that gives a specific example of how using PIDs (particularly ORCID) can streamline the process of applying for a research grant. PIDs mentioned: ORCID, DOI.
    3 min read; 2018

  2. Persistent identifiers: the building blocks of the research information infrastructure (Insights: the UKSG journal): https://insights.uksg.org/articles/10.1629/uksg.457/
    Note: A short article that introduces what a PID is, how they work, the benefits of using them, and how having them used in a wider context would benefit the larger community. It also very briefly touches on how PIDs should strive to have metadata that should follow the FAIR principles. PIDs mentioned: ORCID, ResearcherID, Scopus, GRID, Ringgold, ISNI, DOI, ARK, IGSN.
    5 min read; 2019

  3. Content Registration (Crossref website): https://www.crossref.org/services/content-registration/
    Note: A guide on how Crossref can be used to help researchers store their data in a repository through the use of a DOI prefix they would receive through registering for an account. Goes into detail about the benefits associated with using Crossref as one of their members. PIDs mentioned: DOI.
    5 minute read + 2 min video; 2017

  4. Introducing the PID Graph (FREYA project blog): https://www.project-freya.eu/en/blogs/blogs/the-pid-graph
    Note: I think this would serve as a helpful training resource because it helps demonstrate the powerful effect that the use of PIDs can have and the importance for the collaboration between different institutes to help create a graph that includes as many resources as possible. Does not go into detail about specific PIDs.
    5 min read; 2019

  5. Persistent identifiers: working level (Australian National Data Service website): https://www.ands.org.au/guides/persistent-identifiers-working
    Note: This resource gives more information about topics such as knowing when it is and is not appropriate to use persistent identifiers, what policies to keep in mind when incorporating PIDs, and the differences between labels and identifiers. It also goes into depth about the roles of different types of PIDs and the responsibilities associated with using PIDs. PIDs mentioned: DOI, ARK, URI, Handle.
    15-20 min read; no date

  6. Europe PMC services for academic authors: (Europe PubMed Central tutorial) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7sVpzwSJiLA&t=2s
    Note: A short, yet detailed, tutorial on how to get an ORCID and how to use the Europe PMC tool to find publications you are credited for and link them to your ORCID profile. PIDs mentioned: ORCID.
    11 min video; 2017

  7. Persistent Identifiers in Research Management: People, Places, and Things: (5th Annual Wolfram Data Summit 2014)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5e1i8IW2c-c
    Note: Conference presentation on the benefits of an ORCID ID and the impact that it can have for researchers. PIDs mentioned: ORCID, DOI, ISNI, Scopus, Ringgold ID.
    25 min video recording; 2014

  8. Persistent identifiers for researchers and research outputs (NADRE tutorial)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mk_5chUycVU
    Note: This tutorial shows how to register for an ORCID, discusses PIDs in relation to the FAIR principles, and gives a brief oversight of DataCite and how it can interact with ORCID. PIDs mentioned: ORCID, DOI.
    23 min video; 2018


Advanced Level:

  1. Using ORCID, DOI, and Other Open Identifiers in Research Evaluation (Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics Journal): https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/frma.2018.00028/full
    Note: Academic article that discusses how PIDs need to be connected to one another in order to create an information graph in order to be truly effective and how it is up to the researcher community to make this possible by using PIDs as efficiently as possible. The article also goes into depth about how PIDs can create efficiency in the field in a variety of different ways. PIDs mentioned: ORCID, DOI.
    7 pg article; 2018

  2. DataCite: Lessons Learned on Persistent Identifiers for Research Data (International Journal of Digital Curation): DOI: https://doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v11i2.421
    Note: In depth article that discusses how DataCite hopes to create an infrastructure with the help of other organizations in order to advance the future of online data publication and help with the reuse of scholarly data. The article also talks about the need for the interoperability of PIDs and DOIs to help with the data reuse. PIDs mentioned: DOI, ORCID.
    9 pg article; 2016

  3. Connecting the Persistent Identifier Ecosystem: Building the Technical and Human Infrastructure for Open Research (Data Science Journal): http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2017-028
    Note: This article looks at how PID does more than just serve as a way of identification but how it supports all stages of research. It also looks at the current limitations of PIDs and suggests ways to overcome them. Additionally, the article also looks at user stories. PIDs mentioned: ORCID, ARK, DOI, HANDLE, URN, PURL.
    15 pg article; 2017

  4. Persistent identifiers: Expert level (Australian National Data Service): https://www.ands.org.au/guides/persistent-identifiers-expert
    Note: This guide gives a very technical and in-depth guide to PIDs and their uses. It also gives details on policies regarding persistent identifiers, how to manage ownership of them, and information on proper citation. PIDs mentioned: Handle, ARK, PURL, URN, DOI.
    Extensive on-line guide with glossary; no date


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Thank you very much, I think this is a very useful list!

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